The Work is quite similar to cognitive therapy. In each case, we identify and inquire into stressful thoughts.
In The Work, thoughts are starting points for inquiry. It’s meditation.
And no story is left out of inquiry. Not even the most basic ones such as “I”, “I am”, “I am a man”, “I am Norwegian” and so on.
Cognitive therapy can of course be used in a similar manner. It’s all up to who’s using it.